What is a Polypectomy?

Often, non-cancerous and benign tumors in the colon can grow and become cancerous. As such, it’s best to remove the polyps before they have the chance to mutate or grow, i.e., when they’re not causing any problems. Polypectomy is a noninvasive procedure that removes polyps from within the colon, i.e., the abnormal growth of tissues from the large intestine. Once the tissues are removed, they’re examined to determine if they’re cancerous, precancerous, or benign. As such, timely polypectomy can detect or prevent colon cancer.

Reasons for a Polypectomy

  • Remove the abnormal growth of tissues from the colon.
  • Prevent colon cancer.
  • Detect colon cancer at the earliest stage possible.
  • Relieve the symptoms of colon polyps, such as rectal bleeding, bowel irregularities, and abdominal pains.

Dr. Bonni’s Polypectomy Procedure

Dr. Bonni can perform the polypectomy at the same time as a colonoscopy, a diagnostic test often offered to individuals over 50. During a colonoscopy, the doctor inserts a long and thin tube called a colonoscope into the rectum to look for anomalies or abnormal tissues. If polyps are detected, the surgeon can perform a polypectomy immediately.

A polypectomy can be performed using various techniques, depending on the kind of polyps detected in your colon. The following is an overview of the types of polypectomy procedures available:

  • Biopsy: Small polyps less than 5 millimeters in diameter can be removed using biopsy forceps.
  • Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection (ESD): If the polyp is challenging, the surgeon injects a saline fluid deep into the lesion to remove the polyp in a single piece.
  • Snare Polypectomy: Larger polyps up to 2 centimeters in diameter are removed using a procedure called scare polypectomy. The surgeon loops a thin wire under the polyp and cuts it off by generating heat. The remaining tissues are cauterized with heat.
  • Endoscopic Mucosal Resection (EMR): If the polyp is larger or more technically challenging to remove, the surgeon removes the polyps in a piecemeal style using saline injections to lift them from the underlying tissues.
  • Bowel Surgery: If the polyp is too large even for endoscopic polypectomy, the surgeon will perform bowel surgery to remove it.

Dr. Bonni will select the ideal polypectomy technique based on the size, location, and orientation of your polyps. Once the polyps are removed, they’ll be sent to a pathology lab to determine if they’re cancerous. The results usually return within a week.

Recovering from Your Polypectomy

You might experience minor side effects after the procedure, such as bloating, cramps, and gassiness. You might be asked to avoid driving for 24 hours, and you may have to avoid foods and beverages that irritate your digestive systems, such as coffee, tea, alcohol, and spicy foods. You’ll also have to return for a follow-up colonoscopy to ensure you don’t have any new polyps.

Why Choose Dr. Bonni?

Dr. Aram Bonni is an incredibly talented and skilled reconstructive surgeon. He’s double board-certified in female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery and obstetrics and gynecology. Please schedule a consultation with Dr. Bonni to learn more about polypectomy.